Lima Cusco Puno Arequipa La Paz P. Maldonado Iquitos Nazca Trujillo White Mountain Chain Kuelap

General Datas

  • Official name : Republic of Peru
  • Capital city : Lima (9 m)
  • Other big cities: Arequipa (0.8 m), Trujillo (0.7 m)
  • Surface (in km2): 1, 285,220
  • Population (in million, 2013): 30,4
  • Density (in pers/km2, 2013): 23.7
  • Growth rate (%, 2012.): 6.3
  • Life expectancy (years, 2008): 70.4
  • GDP per person (2007): 10.529 nuevo soles / 2.492 euros
  • Languages :
    . Spanish is spoken by 83,9% of the population.
    . Quechua is spoken by 13,2% of the population.
    . Aymara is spoken by 1,8% of the population.
    . Others : spoken by 1,1% of the population.
  • Hour : -5 GMT

Government

  • President : Ollanta Humala (Since june 2011)
  • Last elections : June, 5th of 2011
  • Next elections : June 2016
  • Prime minister : César Villanueva Arévalo

Currency

The Sol de Oro was the national currency from 1931 to 1985, and was replaced by the Inti until 1991. But its devaluation was so strong that the Nuevo Soles (S/.) (PEN) replaced it to become the new currency (1.000.000 Inti was equal to 1 Nuevo Sol).

US dollars are accepted in most of the big cities stores at the current exchange rate. Euro is accepted in the Exchange offices, that you can find in most cities of the country. Credit card payments : Visa, Master Card, Dîners and American Express are accepted in most shops. The use of traveller’s check is limited.

1 Euro = 3,79 Nuevos Soles

1 US$ = 2,90 Nuevos Soles